Beethoven was a German composer, conductor and pianist mainly active in Vienna. He was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic periods of Western classical music. The Romantic period ran from 1820 to 1910. The essential feature of Romanticism is that music depicts emotion as well as nature and glorification of the past.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven is most famous for his nine symphonies with his final symphony being his most famous. The theme ‘Ode to Joy’, from Beethoven’s ninth symphony, is the European Union anthem.
Beethoven’s string quartets and piano sonatas are among his most famous works. The Piano Sonata No. 14 ‘Moonlight Sonata’ is the most famous work ever written for piano.
By the time the ninth symphony was performed, Beethoven had lost his hearing completely.
At the premiere, he had to be turned around to see the reaction of the audience as he could not hear either the applause or the orchestra perform the work.